Agriculture

Enhancing Crop Productivity:
Farm productivity act as the main spark the development process at the village level. Considering this the programme has initiated various measures aimed at increasing crop yield and productivity in the area. This yield enhancement drive is initiated in the district through training, seed support and demonstration. Infusion of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) technology in rice cultivation not only improved the yield but also reduced the input costs of labor and seed. Similarly, Integrated Cotton Production Technology (ICPT) has increased per acre production of main cash crop of Cotton in the area.
Crop Diversification: Promotion of vegetable & floriculture
Diversification of crops is indispensable for farmers to adapt with variations in climatic and market conditions. Numerous farmers in the programme area are progressively cultivating different vegetables and floricultural crops due to its promotion by DBMGF. More than 30661 farmers have availed training or assistance for vegetable farming. Consequently, now vegetable crops are grown on about 5061.22 hectares of land.
Many farmers, especially in tribal area have adopted vegetable farming for the first time as a result of promotion under the programme. Improved varieties of seed, technological support and exposure visits have led the farmers to cultivate these new crops.
Further, the farmers in the area are earning greater income through vegetables as they can tap Surat and Dhule market through this diversification. With Change India Programme firmly established, one can see plots of flowers in the adopted villages, which was rare sight earlier. Training and seed support provided to the farmers for adoption of floriculture in the area.
Introduction of handy equipment:
Farm tools available in the market that reduces labor cost, time and are more effective. However, small and marginal farmers cannot afford these tools. Sensing this, the programme provides such equipment to the disadvantaged and poor farmers at affordable rate.
Knapsack Spray pumps were supplied to the 3040 farmers to help them protect their crops, out of which 311 spray pumps were supported by the Tribal Development Department. The programme provided support to 2729 farmers for purchasing
Supporting Land Development:
Land topography and soil conditions affect the crop productivity. Varied land development treatments are initiated by DBMGF in this year with an objective to make waste and barren land cultivable. These are also aimed at maintaining greater soil moisture within the treated land strip.
Notably, small and poor farmers unable to treat their land properly due to higher hiring cost of JCB and tractors. Hence, the programme provides assistance for land development through land levelling, farm bund. Availing this facility, the
farmers having their land on slopes or hills are able to bring it under cultivation. Such treated land also means greater reach and efficient use of water. As shown in the table below, this year, there was a great upsurge in coverage both in terms of area and families under the land development programme.
Strategically, these measures are initiated on demand and with sizeable local contribution so that stakes are built in assets created. For instance, in the case of land development, farmers were provided with a JCB Machine at 50% subsidized rate.
This allows farmers to choose specific land treatment and it results in increased ownership of the initiative.